Condoleezza Rice

Born:November 14, 1954 (age 65)
Career:U.S. Secretary of State, 2005-2009
U.S. National Security Advisor, 2001-2005
Provost, Stanford University, 1993-1999
Education:B.A., University of Denver
M.A., University of Notre Dame
Ph.D., Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver

Condoleezza Rice served as U.S. secretary of state from January 2005 until January 2009, the first female African American secretary of state. Prior to this, she was the assistant to the president for national security affairs, commonly referred to as the national security advisor, since January 2001, the first woman to serve in that position.

Rice was born November 14, 1954, in Birmingham, Alabama. She earned her bachelor's degree in political science from the University of Denver in 1974, her master's from the University of Notre Dame in 1975, and her Ph.D. from the Graduate School of International Studies at the University of Denver in 1981. She is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and has been awarded honorary doctorates from Morehouse College in 1991, the University of Alabama in 1994, the University of Notre Dame in 1995, the National Defense University in 2002, the Mississippi College School of Law in 2003, the University of Louisville and Michigan State University in 2004, Boston College in 2006, and Air University in 2008.

As a professor of political science, Rice has been on the Stanford faculty since 1981 and has won two of the highest teaching honors—the 1984 Walter J. Gores Award for Excellence in Teaching and the 1993 School of Humanities and Sciences Dean's Award for Distinguished Teaching. After her time as secretary of state, Rice returned to Stanford and is currently the Denning Professor in Global Business and the Economy at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, the Thomas and Barbara Stephenson Senior Fellow on Public Policy at the Hoover Institution, and a professor of political science at Stanford.

From 1989 to March 1991, the period of German reunification and the final days of the Soviet Union, Rice served in the Bush Administration as director, and then senior director, of Soviet and East European affairs in the National Security Council, and a special assistant to the president for national security affairs. In 1986, while serving as an international affairs fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations, she served as special assistant to the director of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In 1997, she served on the Federal Advisory Committee on Gender-Integrated Training in the Military.

Rice was a member of the board of directors for the Chevron Corporation, the Charles Schwab Corporation, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the University of Notre Dame, the International Advisory Council of J.P. Morgan and the San Francisco Symphony Board of Governors. She was a founding board member of the Center for a New Generation, an educational support fund for schools in East Palo Alto and East Menlo Park, California. Rice was also vice-president of the Boys and Girls Club of the Peninsula. In addition, her past board service has encompassed such organizations as Transamerica Corporation, Hewlett-Packard, the Carnegie Corporation, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Rand Corporation, the National Council for Soviet and East European Studies, the Mid-Peninsula Urban Coalition and KQED, a public broadcasting station for San Francisco. In January of 2020, Rice was announced as the next director of Stanford University's Hoover Institution, a public policy think tank, and will begin that position on September 1, 2020.

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