Mary Elizabeth “Tipper” Gore

Born:August 19, 1948 (age 75)
Career:Second lady of the United States, 1993-2001
Education:B.A., Boston University
Master's, Vanderbilt University

Mary Elizabeth "Tipper" Gore, an author, photographer and social issues advocate, was second lady of the United States from 1993-2001. She is the wife of Al Gore, the 45th vice president of the United States.

Gore was born on August 19, 1948, in Washington, D.C., and grew up in Arlington, Virginia. She was given the nickname Tipper by her mother. She received her B.A. in psychology in 1970 from Boston University and a master's degree in psychology from Vanderbilt University's George Peabody College, in 1975. She worked part-time as a newspaper photographer and continued as a freelance photographer after her husband was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1976.

After her husband's election, Gore established the Congressional Wives Task Force to draw attention to the violence in the media, serving as chair in 1978 and 1979. In 1985, she co-founded the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) to advocate for the voluntary labeling of records containing violent or sexually explicit content. She also led a number of other advocacy campaigns for women and children, mental health, fitness and the homeless.


CNN. (n.d.). Tipper Gore Bio. Retrieved on Oct. 6, 2020, from

The White House. (n.d.). Biography of Tipper Gore. (archived) Retrieved on October 6, 2020, from,education%2C%20homelessness%20and%20physical%20fitness.