Mary Elizabeth “Tipper” Gore

Born:August 19, 1948 (age 72)
Career:Second lady of the United States, 1993-2001
Education:B.A., Boston University
Master's, Vanderbilt University

Mary Elizabeth "Tipper" Gore, an author, photographer and social issues advocate, was second lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. She is the estranged wife of Al Gore, the 45th vice president of the United States.

Gore was born on August 19, 1948, and was given the nickname Tipper by her mother. She received her B.A. in psychology in 1970 from Boston University and a master's degree in psychology from Vanderbilt University's George Peabody College, in 1975. She worked part-time as a newspaper photographer and continued as a freelance photographer after her husband was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1976.

Gore took an active role in her husband's political campaigns and after his election to the U.S. House of Representatives, established the Congressional Wives Task Force to examine and write about social issues. In 1984, she formed Families for the Homeless to raise funds and awareness for the issue of homelessness. In 1985, she co-founded the Parents Music Resource Center (PMRC) with Susan Baker, wife of then-United States Secretary of the Treasury James Baker, successfully advocating for the voluntary labeling of records containing violent or sexually explicit content. In 1990, Gore founded the Tennessee Voices for Children to advance youth services for mental health and substance abuse. She also co-chaired the National Mental Health Association's Child Mental Health Interest Group.

As Second Lady, Gore advocated for mental health, homelessness, women and children. She served as Mental Health Policy Advisor to the President, hosting the first White House Conference on Mental Health and launching the National Mental Health Awareness Campaign (NMHAC), and has frequently spoken about her own experience with depression. She served as Special Advisor to the Interagency Council on the Homeless and as the national spokesperson for the "Back to Sleep" SIDS awareness campaign. She has been a long-time advocate for the LGBT community, representing the Clinton Administration in the Washington, DC AIDS Walk in 1993. She has continued to participate in such walks and, in 2013, she was an honorary chair of the Nashville AIDS Walk & 5K Run. She was a public opponent of California's Proposition 8 to ban same sex marriage in 2008.

Gore's photos have been included in exhibits and sold by Mitchell Gold Co. stores. She is the author of or contributor to several books, including "Raising PG Kids in an X-Rated Society" (1987), "Picture This: A Visual Diary" (1996), "Joined at the Heart: The Transformation of the American Family" (2002), "The Spirit of Family" (2002), "The Way Home: Ending Homelessness in America" (2000) and "From the Bottom of Our Hearts" (2002).